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MRC, along with SELECTUM PLC, is working on to prepare the Mathematical Economical Model of two energy related catalyst projects i.e. CHP-1US-H (Power Generation) and UCG-1PK-T (Underground Coal Gasification).

Project CHP-1US-H

CHP-1US-H is an alignment of almost similar four, small, up to 9 MW each, Combined Heat and Power Projects; two of which are in USA, one in Pakistan and one in Kenya.

What is Combined Heat and Power? 

CHP is the simultaneous generation of two or more forms of energy from a single fuel source. By recycling valuable heat from the combustion process, CHP results in far greater efficiencies than centralized power generation. The recovered thermal energy may be used for industrial processes, space heating, and refrigeration or space cooling through an absorption chiller. According to Dept. of Energy (DoE) USA, CHP is considered the most viable and economical use of Distributed Generation (DG) when implemented at or near the point of use. 

CHP Applications:

As per EPA, CHP is being used in over 4,400 facilities in USA, including:

  • Commercial Buildings:- office buildings, hotels, health clubs, nursing homes
  • Residential:- condominiums, co-ops, apartments, planned communities
  • Institutions:- colleges and universities, hospitals, prisons, military bases
  • Municipal:- district energy systems, wastewater treatment facilities, K-12 schools
  • Manufacturing:- chemical, refining, ethanol, pulp and paper, food processing, glass manufacturing

Major Benefits  

CHP offers many benefits to energy consumers choosing to adopt this technology including:

  • Choice of Fuel i.e. Bioethanol / Biogas / Biomass / Coal / Heating Oil / Municipal Waste / Natural Gas / Vegetable Oil
  • On-site generation alleviates geographical transmission and distribution load constraints
  • Diversifies electric supplies to the end-user and enhances energy security
  • Uses available heat (thermal energy) to improve fuel-use efficiency
  • Modern equipment is environmentally friendly
Case Study  

    Medical Center Houston Texas USA CHP Plant 

    Source: DoE - EPA

    Quick Facts:

    Market Sector: Healthcare; Facility Size: 19.3 million square feet; Fuel: Natural Gas; Peak Load: 60 megawatts (MW); Equipment: 48 MW; Turbine: (GE LM 6000) with HRSG and Steam-driven Chillers; Use of Thermal Energy: Steam-driven Chillers, Space Heating, Hot Water, Dehumidification, and Sterilization

    Environmental Benefits: Reduces CO2 emissions by 305,000 tons/year 

    Financial Benefits: Yearly Energy Savings: $6-12 million 48 MW CHP in Operation since 2010

    Project UCG-PAK1

    For some years, Dr. Aziz Siddiqi President MRC has focused on Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) technology and his active areas of research are “Coal-to-Liquid” and Operational Efficiency. 

    MRC is preparing to participate in upcoming UCG project in Pakistan. 

    Underground Coal Gasification

    As per National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratory SystemUnderground Coal Gasification (UCG) takes advantage of the same chemical reactions of coal to produce product gases, as those occurring in conventional gasifier reactors. The main difference is that in UCG the underground coal seam itself becomes the reactor, so that the gasification of the coal takes place underground instead of in a manufactured gasification vessel at the surface.

    Common CHP Configurations Source: DoE - EPA