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Project NOVA-3

Project - NOVA-3


Pakistan Clean Coal

Conversion of Coal-to-Liquid & Byproducts 

Government of Pakistan Estimate, Approximately 175 Billion Tons of Coal


Since 1993, Group of Multi-Discipline-Multi-National Experienced Professionals are collaborating on Energy related Strategic Program i.e. Distributed Energy Grid (DEG).

Mission of the DEG is to Develop Viable Economic Model Options using Existing Digital Tools, Solar Energy Resources, Coal-To-Liquids, Underground Coal Gasification and Distributed Combined Heat and Power Generation (from 2 to 9 MW) as underlying technologies.

Until December 2019, Dr. Aziz Siddiqi Ph.D. (Imperial College London) a renowned Visionary, Scientist, Entrepreneur, Philanthropist President RESOCHEM Corp. USA had focused on Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) Technology. Till death (2019 December) his active areas of research were Environmental Matters Regulatory Compliance, “Coal-to-Liquid” (CTL) and Operational Efficiency

After the untimely demise of Dr. Aziz Ahmad Siddiqi, RESOCHEM Corp. (USA) former Director Special Projects (2007 – 2019) current President of Pacific Enterprise International Syndicate – PEIS (USA) Mr. Mohammad A. Mirza and Prof. Muhammed Sharif Bhatti PhD President SELECTUM PLC (PAK) are restructuring the Coal-To-Liquids, Underground Coal Gasification Project NOVA-3 in Pakistan, as International Joint Venture, in accordance with the applicable Laws and Regulatory Framework of  the respective countries.

Mr. Mohammad is the Principal Director of Project NOVA-3.  

Energy Ecosystem


Pakistan: World's Seventh Largest Coal Reserves

https://sites.google.com/a/themughals.net/www/initiatives-1/project-ucg-ctl-pak/mughals_chp_web_3-pak-thar-pilot-project.png

Thar Coal-fired Power Plant

A joint venture between the Government of Sindh and Engro Energy Limited


https://www.engroenergy.com/businesses/sindh-engro-coal-mining-company/

Coal-fired Power Plant Schematic Design

http://www.themughals.net/strategic-projects/mrc-projects

Coal Underground Gasification Schematic Design


Conversion of Coal to Products


US Government Active Projects Funding and Timeline


US Government Active Projects Methodology


Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)

As per National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratory SystemUnderground Coal Gasification (UCG) takes advantage of the same chemical reactions of coal to produce product gases, as those occurring in conventional gasifier reactors. The main difference is that in UCG the underground coal seam itself becomes the reactor, so that the gasification of the coal takes place underground instead of in a manufactured gasification vessel at the surface.

How UCG Works?

Gasification is a technological process that can convert any carbonaceous (carbon-based) raw material such as coal into fuel gas, also known as synthesis gas (syngas). Gasification occurs in a gasifier, generally a high temperature/pressure vessel where oxygen (or air) and steam are directly contacted with the coal or other feed material causing a series of chemical reactions to occur that convert the feed to syngas and ash/slag (mineral residues). Syngas is so called because of its history as an intermediate in the production of synthetic natural gas. Composed primarily of the colorless, odorless, highly flammable gases carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2), syngas has a variety of uses.

UCG Process

In UCG Process, injection wells are drilled into an unmined coal seam, and either air or oxygen is injected into the seam along with water. The coal face is ignited, and the high temperatures (about 1,200°C) from the combustion and limited oxygen causes nearby coal to partially oxidize into hydrogen, carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and minimal amounts of methane (CH4) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S). These products flow to the surface through one or more production wells located ahead of the combustion zone. As the face is burned and an area depleted, the operation is moved to follow the seam. The graphic below illustrates the general process.

Image Source: NETL DoE USA

SYNGAS

The Syngas can be further converted (or shifted) to nothing but hydrogen and carbon dioxide (CO2) by adding steam and reacting over a catalyst in a water-gas-shift reactor. When hydrogen is burned, it creates nothing but heat and water, resulting in the ability to create electricity with no carbon dioxide in exhaust gases. Furthermore, hydrogen made from coal or other solid fuels can be used to refine oil, or to make products such as ammonia and fertilizer. More importantly, hydrogen enriched syngas can be used to make gasoline and diesel fuel. 

UCG History

UCG has been identified as a potential process for utilizing Unmineable Coal since the late nineteenth century. The process was first developed, during 1925, by Franz Fischer and Hans Tropsch at Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Kohlenforschung in Mulheim Germany. Former Soviet Union invested heavily in UCG research. By 1939 the Soviets had successfully begun operating a UCG plant in the Ukraine. Later (and to this day) the Skochinsky Institute of Mining Moscow became a center for UCG expertise. The UCG technology developed by the Institute was implemented in three brown coal and two black coal power stations in the 1960s. One of these facilities, the power station at Angren, Uzbekistan, still operates, producing about a million standard cubic feet of syngas per hour.

During late 1970s and 1980s, the U.S. government instituted several research projects and trials of UCG. China also has a significant history of coal gasification and current installed capacity, and continues to add more gasification capacity at substantial rates, using a wide range of gasifier choices including both Chinese technology and foreign gasifier types.

Current Status

With increasing natural gas demand, interest in UCG has revived around the world. Australia, Pakistan and South Africa are implementing pilot projects.

 Source: NETL - DoE - EPA  

Focal Contact: peis@themughals.net