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ENERGY: MICRO GRIDS

Distributed Energy


micro grids

Low Carbon & Energy Efficient

https://www.energy.gov/articles/how-microgrids-workGraphic Synopsis: All images and hyperlinks open in new window, videos max time 5-9 minutes)

Lead Consultant: Pacific Enterprises International Syndicate - PEIS (U.S. NAICS Code: 541690)


R&D Focus: Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technologies

https://www.energy.gov/eere/fuelcells/h2scale

Our Turnkey Solution(s)

AMCO-MRC are working on to provide turnkey solution for 2.7 MW to 48 MW Combined Heat and Power Generation Plants; including ongoing Specialized Training; Support and Project Financing for Qualified Clients, in accordance with Law of the Land; U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA), U.S. EXIM Bank Policies and International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Guidelines.

What is CHP?

Combined Heat and Power (CHP), a Suite of Technologies, is an efficient; integrated; cost-effective and SMART approach to generate on-site electricity and thermal energy from a single fuel source. In USA, CHP Systems are commercially operational since 1929 and a variety of fuels are being used to generate electricity.  

Five major modules of CHP system:

  1. Electricity Generation

  2. Electricity Distribution (Grid and or On-Site)

  3. Heat Recovery

  4. Heat Distribution to Site

  5. Trigeneration (CHP Heat can also be used to Generate / Distribute Cooling)

Our Active Projects

CHP-01US is an alignment of almost similar four, small, up to 9 MW eachCombined Heat and Power Projects; two in USA, one in Pakistan and one in Kenya.

http://www.themughals.net/strategic-projects/mrc-projects

CHP also provide opportunities to use Renewable Fuels. For example, Wastewater Treatment Facilities - (WTF) are  ideal for developing CHP systems as they use the waste heat on-site to warm the Digesters and export excess renewable electricity to the grid. Other potential bioenergy sites that could use CHP include Dairies and Food Processing Plants. 

CHP end-users include Industrial Plants; Hospitals; Hotels; Large Commercial & Government Buildings, Apartment Complexes, Universities; Schools etc.

https://www.districtenergy-digital.org/districtenergy/library

A well-designed CHP system consume less fuel than would be required to obtain electricity and thermal energy, separately. For optimal efficiency, CHP systems typically are designed and sized to meet the thermal baseload demand. 

CHP captures energy that would normally be lost in electricity generation and uses the same waste energy to provide heating and/or cooling, making CHP systems 75 - 80 percent Efficient. Whereas, the conventional method of producing usable heat and electricity, separately, has a typical combined efficiency of 35 - 45 percent. 

CHP has the added benefit of avoiding efficiency losses incurred through transmission and distribution of electricity through the National Grid and local distribution networks. Around 7% of energy would usually be lost when the network is used to transport energy from the generation source to the user.

Our Hybrid Methodology

Industrial Operational Efficiency

Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

Fire Suppression System

Preventive Maintenance

Retrofitting

https://www.energy.gov/eere/amo/downloads/preventive-maintenance-strategies-compressed-air-systems

For Deep Dive, Watch Following U.S. Dept. of Energy Video


https://www.districtenergy-digital.org/districtenergy/library

The Process

CHP’s efficiency comes from recovering the heat that would normally be wasted while generating power to supply the heating and/or cooling needs. By capturing and utilizing waste heat, CHP requires less fuel than equivalent separate heat and power systems to produce the same amount of energy services. 

CHP also decreases demand on the electricity delivery system, reduces line-losses and reliance on traditional energy supplies, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, decreases CAPEX and OPEX and allows infrastructure investments towards District Energy Systems.

https://www.districtenergy.org/blogs/district-energy/2021/02/17/university-of-texas-to-dim-tower-in-solidarity-wit

http://youtube.com/watch?v=PctSp-FQIGc

http://youtube.com/watch?v=PctSp-FQIGc


Houston Texas Medical Center

48 MW CHP in Operation since 2010

LOCATION: Texas Medical Center Houston, Texas USA

MARKET SECTOR: Healthcare / FACILITY SIZE: 19.3 million square feet  

PEAK LOAD: 60 megawatts (MW) / CORE EQUIPMENT: 48 MW turbine (GE LM 6000) with HRSG and steam-driven chillers  

FUEL: Natural Gas / USE OF THERMAL ENERGY: Steam-driven chillers, space heating, hot water, dehumidification, and sterilization  

ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: Reduces CO2 emissions by 305,000 tons/yr

FINANCIAL BENEFITS: Yearly Energy Savings: $6-12 million 

Source: EPA

Case Study - 2 Quick Facts

New York University

In Manhattan’s Greenwich Village neighborhood, New York University (NYU) operates a microgrid with CHP equipment to provide heating, cooling and electricity to its classroom, office and dorm buildings. The CHP system includes two gas turbines coupled with heat recovery steam generators. The gas turbines create electricity, and the heat recovery steam generators produce steam that feeds a steam turbine generator, a steam-driven chiller and steam-to-high-temperature-hot-water heat exchangers.

Under normal circumstances, the plant runs per design in a relatively simple control scheme; the gas turbines operate at maximum capacity, and the duct burners of the heat recovery steam generators modulate to match the steam demand of the steam turbine generators, chiller and heat exchangers as needed. NYU utilizes energy from the utility company to make up the excess demands of the campus buildings. The plant operates in this fashion 99 percent of the time.

However, in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy hit, and the electrical grid of lower Manhattan went dark, the plant had to change operations to an electrical island mode. With the safety net of the grid gone, the control systems of the plant were relied on to manage campus electrical demand, ensuring it did not exceed the CHP system’s capacity and endanger its operations. In the end, the plant was able to remain on line during the extended grid outage, and NYU received praise for its vision and planning for an event such as this.

https://www.districtenergy-digital.org/districtenergy/spring_summer_2020/MobilePagedArticle.action?articleId=1577228&app=false&cmsId=3811576#articleId1577228

WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITIES

Wastewater Treatment Facilities (WTF) - in which a combination of various processes (e.g., physical, chemical and biological) are used to treat industrial wastewater and remove pollutants -  are ideal for developing CHP systems as they use the waste heat on-site to warm the Digesters and export excess renewable electricity to the grid

Case Studies:

Bellow CHP Plant overview, using Renewable Fuels, close to Wastewater Treatment Facilities

https://www.districtenergy-digital.org/districtenergy/winter_2021/MobilePagedArticle.action?articleId=1652686&app=false&cmsId=3883179#articleId1652686


https://www.wa.gov.au/organisation/energy-policy-wa/energy-transformation-strategy



https://www.districtenergy-digital.org/districtenergy/winter_2021/MobilePagedArticle.action?articleId=1652686&app=false&cmsId=3883179#articleId1652686

Image below: "Team Energy" 2013, Dallas Texas USA


Image below: "Energy Conference Delegates" Houston, Texas USA


Image below: "Team Energy" 2014, Houston Texas USA


Image Below: Dr. Aziz Siddiqi, President RESOCHEM Corp. 

Mr. Mohammad Afzal Mirza Principal Group Director MRC LLC 

OTC 2014 HOUSTON Texas USA

Image Below: Principal Group Director (PGD) Mr. Mohammad Afzal Mirza

Offshore Technology Conference (OTC) 2013 Houston Texas USA


Focus: LNG Supply Chain



Land Transportation

https://www.energy.gov/eere/fuelcells/compressed-gas-storage-medium-and-heavy-duty-transportation-workshop

Mobile Filling Stations

https://www.energy.gov/eere/fuelcells/workshop-and-meeting-proceedings

R&D Focus: Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technologies

https://www.nrel.gov/hydrogen/nfctec.html

https://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2018/10/f56/fcto-infrastructure-workshop-2018-6-rustagi.pdf

https://www.energy.gov/eere/fuelcells/hydrogen-and-fuel-cell-technologies-office

https://www.hydrogen.energy.gov/

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AMCO-MRC GEOPHYSICS PORTFOLIO

Focal Contact: peis@themughals.net

Lead Consultant: Pacific Enterprises International Syndicate - PEIS  (U.S. NAICS Code: 541690)