Critical Minerals 

Supply Chain

Strategic Program



Superstructures Lightweight Minerals; Materials

CONTEXT: The United States is heavily dependent on foreign sources of many minerals and on foreign supply chains that build value-added products, resulting in the potential for strategic vulnerabilities to Nation’s economic prosperity and national security. 

President of USA issued Executive Order 13817 (December 2017) which tasked the US Department of the Interior, to develop a list of minerals deemed critical, and the Department of Commerce, in coordination with other Federal agencies, to develop a strategy to reduce the Nation’s vulnerability to disruptions in the supply of critical minerals.


The New Oil: Critical Minerals 

The New Pipelines: Supply Chains

Identified Untapped Resource

North & Central Asia Region (NCAR)

(Metadata available with USGS)

US Critical Minerals Strategy

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CM9a Multi-Phased Program, is part of MUGHALS' Strategic Initiatives Program (MSIP).

CM9 Mission: To Safeguard Uninterrupted Global Supply Chain of Critical Minerals & Critical Materials and to Ensure Constant Flow of Critical Materials through Exploration; Mining: Processing; Separation & Purification; Metal Making; Alloying; and Recycling by using Green Technologies.

CM9 Focus: Non-fuel Critical Minerals Newly Discovered Source Locations i.e. Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Mongolia and Africa.

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CM9 Legal Structure

As of February 2020, based on findings of Project Pre-Feasibility, CM9 is being structured as 100% Private Sector International Joint Venture (IJV), in accordance with the applicable laws of the multiple business territories.

From September 2014 till to date, Prof. Muhammad Sharif Bhatti PhD President SELECTUM Plc (Pakistan), Mr. Muhammad Akmal Mirza CEO AMCO Engineering (AMCO) Pakistan and Mr. Mohammad Afzal Mirza Principal Group Director MUGHALS-RESOCHEM Corp. (MRC) USA and their competent teams are working on CM9.

Mr. Mohammad Afzal Mirza is the Lead Principal Group Director (PGD).

Critical Minerals Applications

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Critical Industry-Led Economic Recovery

Above Image Source:  European Union Commission | Below: Mining Industry

Project CM9 Focus

Critical Minerals: lanthanum (La)cerium (Ce)praseodymium (Pr)neodymium (Nd)promethium (Pm)samarium (Sm)europium (Eu)gadolinium (Gd)terbium (Tb)dysprosium (Dy)holmium (Ho)erbium(Er)thulium (Th),   yterrbium (Yb)lutetium (Lu), and the transition elements scandium (Sc) and yttrium (Y).

Nonfuel Minerals Newly Discovered Source Locations

Minimum Seventeen Critical Minerals are available in North Central & Asian Region particularly Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Mongolia.

Focused Areas

Untapped Proven Large Reservoirs

Pamir - Karakoram - Balochistan (PKB) Range

Project PNH-5

 Pilot Project using Green Extraction Technologies

Focus: Nonfuel Minerals Supply Chain (Superstructures Lightweight Minerals; Materials)

Area: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Mongolia 

·       Proven Very Large Reservoirs of Minimum Seventeen Critical Minerals

·       Economically Viable SMART Mining

·       Difficult Terrain, mostly, Underdeveloped Infrastructure in High Mountains

·       Paved Road Economical Transportation Access From Regional High Mountains to Gulf of Oman, only through Pakistan

Project Focus - The THIRD POLE: 

·       HKKH Area: Minimum 4.2 million square kilometers (1.7 million square miles)

·       Minimum Population: 265 Million

·       Untapped Economically Viable Resources - Vital for Humanity

·       Region: Asian High Mountains the "Hindu Kush - Karakorum - Himalaya" (HKKH)

·       14 peaks above 8,000 meters

·       Stores more snow and ice than anywhere in the world except for the North and South Poles

·       Source of 10 major rivers

·       Forms global ecological buffer

Above & Below Image Source :

Above & Below Image Source

Periodic Table color-coded to indicate the way each element is formed, distills the work of astronomers over the course of the past century—and it continues to be updated with new discoveries. This information is useful in a variety of scientific pursuits.

Image Source Above & Below: 

U.S. Global Investors and it compares individual commodity returns between 2010 and 2019

Below Image Source: NETL U.S. Dept. of Energy (Double Click for Links)

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Advanced Separation Technologies

MUGHALS Active Project

Pakistan Clean Coal Project - Conversion of Coal-to-Liquid

Bellow Image: Thar Coal 

Pakistan has successfully completed underground Coal Gasification Project

Advanced Separation Technologies - Coal

REE and Manufacturing Applications

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Untapped Proven Large Reservoirs

Minimum Nine Critical Minerals

Economically Viable and Minable

Untapped Reservoirs

Pamir - Karakoram - Balochistan (PKB) Range

Image Above Source:

Two Unique Images of Asian High Mountains about 900 kilometers or about 560 miles below ground

  • 3-D supercomputer simulations of hidden rock structures deep under Asian High Mountains
  • Scientists from China, Canada, and the U.S. used seismic data from 227 Asian regional earthquakes during 2007-2011
  • The group published their results in March 2015 in the American Geophysical Union Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth

Go to top Image Source: Min Chen, Rice University Houston, USA

Pamir - Karakoram - Balochistan (PKB) Range

Pakistan is the only Country which has the Highest Paved Roads in the Region

Pakistan has one of the Most Important Paved Road Links for 

Critical Minerals' Global Supply Chain i.e. 

from Mongolia to Afghanistan to Arabian Gulf 

AGRO-Minerals Resources

Pakistan Indus River Basin, (as of 2009), One of World's Largest Irrigation Systems

Three Large Dams + 

Hundreds of Smaller Dams + 

Minimum 12 Link Canals Enables/ Regulates Water Flow to be Transferred between Rivers +

Over 64,000 km of Smaller Canals Distribute Water across Countryside 

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Above Image Not to scale

  • Algorithms Suite Development of Mathematical and Statistical Modeling Tools, the ENGINE of Global Economy 
  • Institutionalization of Trustworthy Dedicated Skilled Workforce
  • Provisioning of Ethical Funding based on Islamic Financing Principles

Geophysics Integrated Solutions

Agriculture | Oil & Gas | Mining | Water

We, along with PBV, are working on SMART Solutions for Data Acquisition and Analysis (2D, 3D & 4D), Seismology (Atmospheric, Earthquakes, Oceanic, Tectonic, Volcanic, and Artificial Processes i.e. explosions)Structural Monitoring, Seismic Site Evaluation, Underground Fresh Water Exploration (depth 8,000+ feet), Gas & Oil Exploration using state-of-the-art Digital Seismic Instruments and Data Acquisition Systems.
Focus: Critical Minerals & Materials

Impact of Critical Minerals on National Security

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