AGRICULTURE: NOVA-1B

Agriculture

Climate Smart

Our Vision

We Endeavor for Justice Based Sustainable Shared Prosperity Focusing Innovation; Excellence; Optimization of Indigenous Resources and Empowering Communities at Grassroots Level.

Theme: Alignment; Circular Economy; ExcellenceGovernance; Sustainability; Technology

Mission: Cyber Resilient Supply Chain Integration

Approach: Lawful Collaboration with Stakeholders

Research Focus: Critical Supply Chains

Methodology: Innovative Transformative Research

Guiding Policy: OECD Governance Framework

Priority: Assessment of Regional Natural Resources

Deliverable: Regional Food Business Centers

Core Technology: Airborne Remote Sensing; Digital ThreadLiDAR; 

Precision Agriculture

Onsite Energy: Deployment of Geothermal Power and Renewables

Lead Africa: Afro Eurasian Coalition (AEC) LLC

Lead Eurasia: Pan Eurasian Syndicate (PEIS) LLC

Lead Policy Advisor: Pacific Enterprises International Syndicate (PEIS)

Lawful Technology Transfer Partners

USA SAM & DoD CAGE Code Status: Active

USA Prime NAICS Code: 541690Prime SIC Code: 87420501

Program Focus: Agriculture EconomicsAnalysis; Applied ResearchDeployment and Targeted Training (RDT) of  Organic Food System focusing Arid and Semiarid lands.

Strategic Focus: Research and Education i.e. Policies (Process Studies) and Regulatory Framework that provide guidance on Deployment and Skills Development of Multiple Technologies including Blockchain to Transform Agrifood System Supply Chain.

Purpose: Enable Underserved Populations and Communities to Participate in Economic Development Planning Processes and Projects (Climate Resilience), focusing inclusive distressed areas to convert Arid and Semiarid Lands into Productive Lands, while combating Desertification (Laser Focus: Gypsiferous Soils).

Objective: Leverage Agriculture Ecosystem Industrial Automation by fostering Emerging Technologies including BlockchainDigital Twin; Environmental Geophysics; Infrared Remote Sensing to Mitigate Inclusive Competitive Innovation.

Active Projects: 1) NOVA-1USA-TXA915; 2) NOVA-1PAK-PU925 3) NOVA-1AFC-MA212; 4) NOVA-1CNA-AZ994

Study Area: 164,061 Acres

(Multi-Geographic Locations)

Research Focus

Growing Dedicated Energy Crops on Marginal Lands


Our Directional Research Focus

In alignment with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA) Strategic Plan 2022–2026U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Strategic Plan 2022 – 2026 and 2021 Policy Document titled U.S. Agriculture Innovation Strategy, one of THE MUGHALS associated company i.e. Afro Eurasian Coalition LLC (AEC) is actively working on following Five:

Innovative Clusters Themes

1) Agrifood System 2) Digitization 3) Disaster Mitigation 4) Genome Design 5) Nutrition Security

Project Deliverable

Grassroots Level Deployment of Climate Smart Integrated Agri System (IAG), in alignment with United Nations Program i.e. Global Alliance for Climate Smart Agriculture (GACSA); The Great Wall InitiativeUSDA Policy Integration Guidelines and Host Countries Policies. (Regulatory Compliance; Certification: USDA NOP Regulations   

Below Image Source: USDA

https://genomicscience.energy.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/BRC_Booklet_2020LR.pdf

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Subsector:  Precision Agriculture

Regional Climate Dynamics

Below Image Source: NASA

https://science.larc.nasa.gov/lidar/

Strategic Objectives

In alignment with UNFAO & USDA Policies

1. Creation of New Products from Agriculture Waste by adopting multiple technologies including Blockchain and Quantum Computing to Transform Agrifood System, ensuring Food Security

2. Education and Workforce Skills Development (EWSD) focusing Rural Communities using USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and United Nation Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Resources.

2.1. EWSD includes non-formal education that promote Agriculture; Job Growth; Energy Security;  Economic Development; Infrastructure Improvements; Innovation; and Quality of Life in Rural Areas.

2.2. EWSD Research & Education (R&E) focus U.S. DOE Genome ProgramThe Genomic Science program pursues fundamental research to understand, predict, manipulate, microbial systems and design plants for innovations in renewable energy.

3. Efficient Management of Digital and Mechanized Equipment; Irrigation; Fertilization; and Pests (CEDSH-GAC 2020-2024).

4. Establishment of Regional AGRO-Pharma Clusters, using Hub-and-Spoke Network Topology, of Intersection of Broadband Internet Infrastructure and Digital Precision Agriculture Technologies for cyber-resilient connectivity.

Project Deliverable: AGRO-Pharma Supercluster Hub (SCH) Economic Model.

Project Outcome: Quantifiable Economic Impact of Agriculture Production Processes.

Lead Company: Afro Eurasian Coalition LLC (AEC) USA; Indus Basin Resources PLC (IBR) Pakistan. 

Multiple Crops Designed For Various Agroecosystems

Below Image Source: USDA

https://plantsorig.sc.egov.usda.gov/npk/main

Our Focus: Field Studies

Purpose: To Realize Biomass Yields for Large-scale Production of Biofuels and Bioproducts


https://www.ars.usda.gov/northeast-area/up-pa/pswmru/docs/integrated-farm-system-model/


Below Image Source: NASA

https://science.larc.nasa.gov/lidar/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3iaFzafWJQE
https://ntrs.nasa.gov/api/citations/20040079779/downloads/20040079779.pdf


With tighter profit margins and increasing environmental constraints, strategic planning of farm production systems is becoming both more important and more difficult.

Regional Focus

https://www2.unccd.int/actions/great-green-wall-initiative


Great Green Wall Program Implementation Status


Source: UNCCD 

Country Case Study: Egypt, (including USAID Project)
Country Case Study: Saudi Arabia
Sector Case Study: U.S. Biopharma Cluster

Current Project Engineering Focus: Cyber-Resilient Integrated Plant (CRIP) Design

Precision Agriculture (PA) is SMART Integrated System that uses Multiple Integrated Digital Technologies to ensure Optimum Productivity; Sustainability and Protection of the Environment.

Precision Agriculture provides agriculturists the ability to more efficiently use Crop Inputs i.e. Fertilizers; Pesticides; Tillage; Irrigation Water; etc.

How We Accomplish

To implement SMART Solutions, in addition to in-house resources, we engage industry renowned Consultants; Experts; and Companies on Project-by-Project basis. 

Based on Project Terms of Reference (ToR), project participating companies & affiliates amasses best possible team of Multi-Discipline Engineers; ICT & Cyberspace Experts; Managers; Financial & Legal Consultants, to complete the project on schedule & within budget.


Image Source: NASAhttps://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/EMS-Introduction_0.jpeg

Understanding Infrared Waves



Precision Agriculture Overview

Below 3.28 minutes video compiled by: Discover Agriculture


AES AGRO-Pharma Turnkey Solution


Center Pivot System Component Production

Standards (minimum): ISO 9001:2008 & ASTM A 123/123m-02


Food Security

Underlying Technologies

 ANSI Standards | Artificial Intelligence | Blockchain

Distributed Ledger | Financial Tech.

Quantum Information Science (QIS)

Metadata Source: USGS | US Census

Technological Tools

Electromagnetic Spectrum | Geophysical | 

    Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

Gravity & Magnetic Exploration

Processing | Interpretation | Production

COVID Pandemic & Ukraine War Impact

High input prices and Ukraine war elongate high food prices, creating a double burden for import-dependent countries.

According to FAO’s latest report (June 2022), Global Input Price Index (GIPI) rising much faster than food prices (both are at all-time highs), farmers are disincentivized to increase production, possibly protracting high prices in food markets. 

https://www.fao.org/3/cb9427en/cb9427en.pdf

Fertilizer Industry

https://www.fao.org/

Fertilizer Industry

https://www.fao.org/

Wheat World-Stocks (2018-2023)


https://www.fao.org/3/cb9427en/cb9427en.pdf

Precision Agriculture

Site Specific Crop Management (SSCM) 

References: USDAUSDA-NALUN-FAOUN-DESA; 

Internet of Things (IoT)-based automation of agricultural events can change the agriculture sector from being static and manual to dynamic and smart, leading to enhanced production with reduced human efforts. Precision Agriculture (PA) along with Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) are the main drivers of automation in the agriculture domain.

Precision Agriculture uses specific sensors and software to ensure that the crops receive exactly what & when they need to optimize productivity and sustainability. PA includes retrieving real data about the conditions of soil, crops and weather from the sensors deployed in the fields. High-resolution images of crops are obtained from satellite or air-borne platforms (manned or unmanned), which are processed to extract information used to provide SMART decisions.

Precision Agriculture

Site Specific Crop Management (SSCM) Partial Components

Satellite-Based Auto-Guidance - Satellite-based auto-guidance systems can provide significant benefits for the crop production industry. Improved equipment make it possible to use satellite-based auto guidance in diverse growing environments.

Yield Monitoring and Mapping - Yield mapping refers to the process of collecting georeferenced data on crop yield and characteristics, such as moisture content, while the crop is being harvested. Various methods, using a range of sensors, have been developed for mapping crop yields.

On-the-Go Vehicle-Based Soil Sensors  - Sensors can measure a variety of soil properties. These sensors are used in conjunction with GPS to develop field maps or to control variable rate application equipment in real-time.

Site-Specific Management of Soil pH - A series of frequently asked questions (FAQs) are addressed.

Soil Sampling for Precision Agriculture - Soil sampling is an important component of a site-specific management system. Sampling principles and recommendations are discussed.

Site-Specific Nitrogen Management for Irrigated Corn - Recent research in site-specific nitrogen management and recommendations for how irrigated corn producers might implement this technology on their farms.

SSCM Partial Benefits

·       Enhanced product quality

·       Increased agricultural profitability and sustainability

·       Protecting the environment

·       Optimized use of agricultural pesticides, fertilizers, seeds, water, energy and other crop amendments

·       Improving the well-being of those who depend upon agriculture


All images and hyperlinks open in new window

Onsite Renewable Power

Renewable Power: Geothermal; Solar; Water; Wind;



Group Research Theme (Since 2009): Agro-Energy Combined with Renewable Energy Transition

Deliverable: Regional Clusters (Trade and Productive Capacity)

Renewable Energy Supply Chain Strategy

Energy & Water Source: Geothermal

Project Focus: Geothermal Energy Supply Chain   

Purpose: Support Communities with Skills Development Programs to align technology with market needs

Products: Components of Geophysical Equipment; Turbines; Electrolysis; Generator Sets; Feed Pumps; Condenser Fan Systems; Air Filters; Air-Cooled Condensers; Heat Exchangers; Preheater; Vaporizer Sets

Geothermal Resource is unique in its Formation, each with its own Chemical Composition; Depth; Enthalpy; Temperature (CCDET); and Integrated Design. 

As of 2020, Geothermal Energy capacity has grown to 15,950 MWe, and 95,098 GWh of electricity produced in 29 countries. These power plants operate with an average capacity factor of 73%, many of them “on-line” over 95% of the time, providing almost continuous base-load power. 

(Source: Oregon Institute of Technology; John W. Lund; January 2022-SSRN Electronic Journal; DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.4059005)

Geothermal Energy is virtually emission-free, renewable energy resource generated from geothermal natural underground reservoirs of hot water; miles beneath the earth surface, heated by Magma. The Steam and Brine produced from these underground reservoirs is used to run turbines to produce electricity.

Case Study

Geothermal Power Plant Construction

Critical Infrastructure Generating Capacity (USA) of Renewable Energy Projects

Source: U.S. DoE NREL


Price Comparison

Levelized Cost of Energy

Conventional vs Renewable Energy

Source: U.S. DoE NREL


Industrial Market

Geothermal Power Plants Types

·      Dry Steam Plants use steam directly from a geothermal reservoir to turn generator turbines. The first geothermal power plant was built in 1904 in Tuscany, Italy, where natural steam erupted from the earth.
·      Flash Steam Plants take high-pressure hot water from deep inside the earth and convert it to steam to drive generator turbines. When the steam cools, it condenses to water and is injected back into the ground to be used again. Most geothermal power plants are flash steam plants.

·      Binary Cycle Power Plants transfer the heat from geothermal hot water to another liquid. The heat causes the second liquid to turn to steam, which is used to drive a generator turbine.

Commercial & Residential Markets

Geothermal Heat Pumps

Energy Efficient and Cost Effective

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Geothermal Heat Pumps are the most energy-efficient, environmentally clean, and cost-effective systems for heating and cooling buildings. All types of buildings, including homes, office buildings, schools, and hospitals, can use geothermal heat pumps.

Focused Markets

Depending on its characteristics, Geothermal Energy can be utilized across Industrial; Commercial; and Residential sectors. Geothermal energy offers important benefits, including Grid Stability; Greater Diversity of Affordable Energy Options; Efficient Heating and Cooling; Key Technology and Workforce Pathways from oil and gas to renewable geothermal development; and Lower Carbon Emissions.


Our Research Focus: Biofuel

Policies and Regulatory Framework that provide clear guidance on Development; Adoption and Development of Genome Design Solutions, Biofuel Solution to Energy Challenges.

Financing Option

MUGHALS are NOT Direct Lender, Financial Agency and or Financial Institution. However, contingent upon the "Business Territory" Laws and other Lawful Global Institutions Guidelines, MUGHALS can arrange Project Ethical Financing based on Islamic Financing Principals THROUGH Third Party for Qualified Clients.

Group Focus

Critical Infrastructure

Lawful Technology Transfer

Lawful Technology Commercialization

High Value Manufacturing

Workforce Development

 Read More About MUGHALS...

Hybrid Methodology

Initiatives

Projects

Services

AMCO-PEIS

Focal Contact:  peis@themughals.net

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Below: Downloadable Reference Reports Links

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