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DIGITIZATION: RFID APPLICATIONS

R F I D

Radio Frequency Identification

Global Trade Engine

Policy Framework: OECD and NIST

Our Focused Sectors

Agriculture; Energy; Manufacturing; Mining; Supply Chain

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), used during WWII, is Electronic Data Capture Technology (EDCT) that uses radiofrequency waves to read an object (moving or static) to identify, categorize and track the object in real time. RFID is fast, reliable, and does not require physical line of sight or contact between reader/scanner and RFID tagged item. Source: U.S. Information Technology Laboratory

RFID is sensor-based Enabling Technology which provides the tools to identify uniquely each product, container, pallet, case and item being manufactured, produced, shipped and sold, thus providing the building blocks for enhanced security and visibility throughout the supply chain.


Image Adopted by PEIS - Credit: Industry, USDA


Our Applications Development Focus

Agriculture

Today’s agriculture routinely uses sophisticated technologies such as Robots; Temperature and Moisture Sensors; Aerial Images; and GPS Technology. These advanced devices integrated with Robotic Systems; Precision Agriculture and user-friendly software allow businesses to be more Profitable, Efficient, Safer, and more Environmentally Friendly.

http://www.themughals.net/agriculture

Image Adopted by PEIS - Credit: Industry USDA

Global Positioning System

The GPS provides users with Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) services, globally. GPS consists of three segments: the Space Segment, the Control Segment, and the User Segment. The U.S. Space Force Develops; Maintains; and Operates (DMO) the Space and Control Segments.

https://nbaa.org/

Image Adopted by PEIS - Credit: NBAA


Healthcare

The National Academy of Medicine estimated the U.S. Healthcare System wastes an average of $765 billion per year on misplaced or expired supplies.

Combining RFID with Electronic Data Interchange (EDI); Data Integration Technology and Expertise are transforming the Health Sector by providing a streamlined user-friendly Cyber-Resilient Autonomous System (SRAS) that yields better patient care; greater efficiency and reduces expenses.

https://harbert.auburn.edu/news/bundling-rfid-with-electronic-data-interchange-increases-hospital-efficiency-reduces-expenses.html

Image Adopted by PEIS - Credit: Industry AU


Value-Based Purchasing, a federal program, recently shifted hospital reimbursements to a value-based model, placing a stronger emphasis on healthcare facilities to accurately track and document resources and supplies used in the delivery of care with note that supplies are a hospital’s second-largest expense, accounting for 35 to 45 percent of their operating budget, according to researchers after examining 3,300 hospitals nationwide. Source: Auburn University

Maritime



   
Image Credit Industry: NOAA

Precision Marine Navigation System (PMNS) is integrated real-time reliable Metadata Repository for Marine Navigation. PMNS includes Forecasts; Real-time Observations; Warnings; Advisories; and High Resolution Bathymetry Images.https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/sonar.html

How Multibeam Sonar Works?

Supply Chain

Automatic Identification System (AIS)

AIS Transponders

Object; Vessel; Container; Product Tracking

AIS transponders automatically transmit/broadcast the position and velocity of the ship at regular intervals via a VHF radio built into the AIS. The position and velocity originate from the ship's global positioning system. The AIS also receives heading information from the ship's compass and transmits this at the same time. The signals are received by AIS transponders fitted on other ships or on land based systems. Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce (NOAA)

http://www.themughals.net/about-us/rfid/rfid-small-businesses

Maritime Industry Support Services

Vessel Tracking System

Automatic Identification System (AIS)

Container Tracking;

Hazardous Goods Handling & Storage;

Hydrographic Surveying;

Mapping and Charting;

Narrow Channel Navigation;

Open Sea and Harbor Navigation;

Ships Routing;

Visibility For Bulk Cargo

Modular Sonar Information System



Manufacturing

Advances in technology have contributed greatly to improving productivity. One such technology, radio-frequency identification (RFID), has been widely used to track and monitor a variety of commercial items, significantly improving operational efficiency in many industries. However, RFID could not be used with metals until recently, resulting in time-consuming work manually tracking items at sites that handle metals. Japanese development of a new RFID technology that can work with metals, with the potential to dramatically improve productivity in a wide range of logistics and manufacturing processes. 



https://www.nam.org/facts-about-manufacturing/

Image Credit Industry: NAM

RFID was invented in the Second World War. During 1950', Toyota Improvised the Concept and added RFID based Toyota Production System (TPS) to its assembly line, making it one of the largest auto manufacturer of the world.

RFID is a system of very small electronic tags (comprising a tiny chip plus an antenna) that transmit data via a radio signal to RFID readers and related hardware and software infrastructure. The transmitters can be placed anywhere that tracks the movement of goods to the commercial process: on containers, pallets, materials handling equipment, cases or even on individual products. 

RFID - Components (Partial)
https://sites.google.com/a/themughals.net/www/about-us/rfid/Apptricity-Supported-IoT-Graphic.png?attredirects=0

Boosting Productivity in Manufacturing

At its core, RFID is an Enabling Technology that has the potential of helping buyers and sellers to provide the right product, at the right place, at the right time, thus maximizing sales and profits. 

Like Internet; HD TV; PCs; Smartphone and other Digital Devices, RFID is systematically changing the business landscape. RFID is transforming the way manufacturing and supply chains conduct business worldwide. 

Passive RFID is deployed in billions of units each year, across the globe, on everything from animals to wearables with sensors being embedded in the smart chipset. Active RFID (having its own power source) enable Real Time Location Systems (RTLS) devices and Machine to Machine (M2M) communication via Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and communicate via internet across the globe in real-time for Asset Tracking Operations (ATO) of Supply Chain; Imports; Exports; Transportation and Logistics etc. Some of RFID Apps are Access Management; Contactless Payment; Inventory Systems; Human Tracking; Logistics Tracking; Machine Readable Travel Documents; Object Tracking and Toll Collections etc.

The benefits of RFID-enabled production and shipping include increased supply chain visibility & security, improved productivity, faster cycle times and lower costs. RFID costs are steadily dropping so that SMEs can adopt RFID solutions.

How System Works, Globally? 

For international trading, it’s imperative to join EPCglobal USA, an organization that focuses on the commercial use of RFID technology. When a legal entity becomes EPCglobal US subscriber, an EPC Manager Number is registered for the organization, ensuring unique trade item(s) identification. Additionally, this number is registered and recognized in the EPCglobal Network. There are numerous benefits to join the EPCglobal US, the most important being the ability to create Electronic Product Codes (EPCs) which allows the company to create unique RFID tags identifiable in Global Supply Chain.

While tagging items, cases, boxes and or pallets with a Serialized Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) or a Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC), shippers are required to encode identifiers into an Electronic Product Code (EPC). This process is very important because it’s the EPC that is embedded in the RFID tag that will be read by the trading partner.

Cybersecurity Framework


https://www.nist.gov/cyberframework

RFID - Sensors Platform (Partial)


RFID Applications

How System Works, Globally? 

For international trading, it’s imperative to join EPCglobal USA, an organization that focuses on the commercial use of RFID technology. When a legal entity becomes EPCglobal US subscriber, an EPC Manager Number is registered for the organization, ensuring unique trade item(s) identification. Additionally, this number is registered and recognized in the EPCglobal Network. There are numerous benefits to join the EPCglobal US, the most important being the ability to create Electronic Product Codes (EPCs) which allows the company to create unique RFID tags identifiable in Global Supply Chain.

While tagging items, cases, boxes and or pallets with a Serialized Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) or a Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC), shippers are required to encode identifiers into an Electronic Product Code (EPC). This process is very important because it’s the EPC that is embedded in the RFID tag that will be read by the trading partner.

Radio Spectrum


https://sites.google.com/a/themughals.net/www/about-us/rfid/radio-spectrum-in-demand%20%281%29.gif?attredirects=0

UHF Bands

https://sites.google.com/a/themughals.net/www/about-us/rfid/rfid%20worldmap.gif?attredirects=0

RFID EPC

https://sites.google.com/a/themughals.net/www/about-us/rfid/RFID%20EPC%20Final%20JPG.jpg?attredirects=0

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Mohammad Mirza,
Aug 26, 2022, 8:12 AM
Ċ
Mohammad Mirza,
Aug 26, 2022, 8:12 AM