Four Phase Fifteen Years Project

As of February 2017, RESOCHEM in collaboration with MUGHALS, is the Project Consultant for Environmental Matters of a Four Phase, Fifteen Years and Multi-Locations Project titled ‘New Horizon-6 (NH-6)' to conduct “Rigorous Resource Assessment” of Pakistan’s Organic-Rich-Shale-Resources. Term-of-Reference (ToR) document is being finalized with ZODIAC PLC, keeping in view the applicable USA regulations; Pakistan regulatory framework & Pakistan Oil & Gas Policy-2013 (amended).

Image Credit: Advance Resources International USA

Project Background

On January 22, 1915 first oil well was drilled, much earlier than any Middle Eastern country, near Khaur now part of Pakistan and in February 1922  Attock Oil Refinery located in Rawalpindi Pakistan started its operations. Attock Refinery, a minimum US $5 billion public company, is still operational and playing a vital role for constant fuel supply to NATO forces based in Afghanistan. 

During 1917, Nobel Khalil Ahmed Mirza, a Visionary; Entrepreneur; Activist; Philanthropist and Founder of MUGHALS Group, moved from Yangon former capital of Myanmar to Rawalpindi and established American Motor Company, now AMCO Engineering, the first ever engineering company in that part of the region at that point of time.

regional_oil_discoveries_pakistan_1915Image Credit: M.E. Map - Rasoul Sorkhabi, Pakistan Map - MUGHALS

In June 2007, USAID published a report titled “ENERGY SECTOR ASSESSMENT FOR USAID/PAKISTAN”. Later in June 2013, U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) published another 730 pages report titled “Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries outside the United States”. Based on June 2013 EIA aforesaid report, Pakistan & USAID conducted field studies and in November 2015 jointly reconfirmed that Pakistan has massive technically recoverable deposits of 10,159 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of shale gas resource and 2,323 billion barrels of shale oil.

Image Credit: Pakistan Map - ECO Database, Generic Images: Paradigm®

During 2014-15, following encouraging estimates provided by the US EIA, Government of Pakistan (GoP) with the technical assistance of USAID conducted field study and sent shale formation samples to USA to determine the prospects of reserves. During November 2015, after receiving input from USAID, GoP reconfirmed the massive recoverable deposits of minimum 10 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of shale gas and 2.3 trillion of stock tank barrels (STB) of shale oil across the country. GoP has signed multiple Exploration and Petroleum Concessions Agreements with Pakistani and foreign companies.


Current Status

As of February 2017, ZODIAC is finalizing terms to become part of a JV based on “Working Interest Ownership Joint Venture WIO-JV)” with petroleum concession holders to start the ‘Rigorous Resource Assessment’ in accordance with EXIM Bank USA policies and World Bank Country Partnership Framework guidelines.

Scope of Work


Technology Assessment and Adoption:

MATRIX preparation of potential Positive and Negative consequences of the available Technologies; Economically Viable Prospects; Cost–Benefit Analysis; Organizational Readiness; Specialized Training of Proficient Workforce

ICT Platform

Digital Blueprint for Reservoir Life Cycle

Technical Assistance and Training

Provisioning of experts in specialized areas of Carbonate Platform, Reservoir-Geology, Geophysical Seismic Data Acquisition; Processing; Modelling; Interpretation; Control; Management and Specialized Training

Geophysical and Seismic Studies

Regional and Basin studies integrating existing Geological, Geophysical and Well Data in Indus Basin Pakistan, and a parallel study of Petroleum Geochemistry

Seismic Program

Reprocessing of existing 2D Data; Acquisition and Processing of additional 5,177 square kilometer of new 3D Data; Gravity and Airmag Surveys; Equipment and Software for Geological and Geophysical surveys

Exploratory Drilling

Based on results of Geophysical and Geological studies and Seismic Surveys, twelve (12) to eighteen (18) wells


ZODIAC PLC, part of ADGroup of companies, is incorporated with Securities & Exchange Commission of Pakistan as Private Limited Company and, after restructuring, offers a wide array of Mining; Geophysical and Seismic Services from Basin Evaluation to Enhanced Reservoir Characterization to Operational Efficiency by using reliable state-of-the-art seismic acquisition technologies and industry-leading acquisition techniques to solve complex Computational, Simulation and Visualization challenges facing Energy and Mining sectors.

ZODIAC packages include Hardware, Software and Specialized Training for both Public and Private sectors to Study; Acquire; Analyze; Interpret; Evaluate and Simulate the Earth Progressions using Gravity; Magnetic; Electrical and Seismic methods.